廣西受到地理環境的因素影響, 水源分佈極不平均, 城鎮以外貧困的村民, 多數要面對缺水的苦難.
要開展飲水工程, 因應地勢水源的差異而有不同的處理方案. 花伴村和花謝村皆為平地, 必需要建築一個約20米高的水塔, 才有足夠的水壓供水. 此外要抽取地下河水源, 必需要打一個70-100米深的水井(此深度因應不同地勢需要而定), 加上一個抽水馬達, 就能把地下河水源源不絕的供應到各家各戶去了.
以花伴村的水塔工程為例, 飲水工程總造價為18萬人民幣, 每小時供水量約50噸, 足以供應1000人使用. 屬大石山地形的地區, 己具備一個天然的水塔, 就可省免建水塔的龐大工程費用; 倘若有天然的溪水河床, 不同抽取地下河水資源, 更可省免打深水井的工程, 只需打一個3.5米的水井, 建一個容量30-40立方米的貯水池, 只需5萬多元人民幣就能解決本地村民的基本飲水需要.
飲水工程的建造時間, 地勢堪探需時約一個月, 造建工程因應不同需要分別需時兩個月至四個月不等. 至於管理方面, 都是由村內自組的村委會承擔, 制定每立方米用水需收取6-7毛, 用以支付維修保養和電力等費用. 基本的飲水問題得以解決後, 就能帶動改善經濟和民生.
壇洛花謝村的居民以前需用牛車拉水回來, 來回需一小時, 每星期每人要用6擔水, 每擔水要2元. 現在有了新水塔並已開始使用2-3個月, 受惠居民約60多戶. 800多人能享受水塔帶來的方便, 居民生活開心多了.
Agape Project Tour 2006
8th, Nov: Nan Ning, Wu Ming, Tan Luo, Hua Xie Village, Drinking Project
The water resources in Guang Xi are not balanced as a result of the physical shape of the land. Most of villagers out of towns have to face problems of drinking and watering.
There will be different plans according to different types of land and water resources of the needy areas in the drinking projects. Because both Hua Ban Village and Hua Xie Village are on a piece of plain land, we have to construct a water tower for about 20 meters height in order to have enough pressure to pump water. There should be a well in 70-100 meters deep to the underground river. The deep is dependent on the physical land. Water will be supplied to each family after a motor for pumping water is installed.
For example, price of watering project of Hua Ban Village is 180 thousand dollars. It produce square meters water per hour, and that can supply usage for 1000 persons. If the area has a laugh rock hill, that would be a natural water tower and save money from water tower. Only 50 thousand dollars are needed for building a well with 3.5 meters deep and a water tank for 30-40 square meters volumn if there is a natural river on the ground, and expensive deep well will not be unnecessary.
Probe of the physical ground needs one month. Construction projects are about 2-4 months. There is a management group formed by villagers manage the water supplying. Fee of about 60-70 cents are for maintenance and electricity. Economy and life will be improved more fast after basic drinking problem is solved.
The villagers in Hua Xie had to get water from far away using chariots by ox and that needed totally one hour to go and return. Each person had to carry water for 6 times. Each time is 2 dollars. The new installed water tower has been used for 2-3 months. This helps more than 60 families. More than 800 persons are sharing the convenience brought from the water tower, enjoying joyful lives.
(Informations are from Agape Newspaper of China Agape Project)
The new water tower at Hua Xie Village
The fields can be watered easily as the water tower built
這是水塔附一些新建好的樓房, 有食水供應設施配套, 圖中的是新的水管. 那兒的村長和我們見面, 他笑著說近來工作愈來愈忙了, 因為村裏的生活條件好了, 愈來愈多人搬進村裏去.
New house, new tube for water. The village head met us. He said with smile that he was more and more busy recently, because of there are more and more people migrating into the village.
正在使用中的樓房, 備有食水管和排污管. 原來打開水喉開關就有水流出來, 是一種幸福.
Building in used with tubes for drinking water and used water. It’s a great fortune that water will come out whenever we switch the tap on.
村民送給我們兩"梳" Agape 香蕉. 團友說一年前來的時候, 農作物沒有收成, 農田乾旱, 香蕉樹上的香蕉也是乾的. 這次我們的車還沒有到村口, 就看到一車車裝得滿滿的香蕉從村裏運出來.
Villagers gave us two “branches" of Agape bananas. Our team members said that the fields and trees are dry when they came to this village last year. However, I saw carts of bananas were carting out from the village while our tour bus arrived the village.